Zamrud Lake the Heart of World Forest From Indonesia

Zamrud Lake is located in Zamrud Village, Siak Sri Indrapura subdistrict, Siak regency, Riau province. From Pekanbaru City is approximately 200 kilometers to Zamrud village. We can found many different kinds of animals and fauna such as golden arowana fish (Schleropages formasus), belida fish, Sumatera tiger, red bear, and various reptile species. found in comrades of Lake Zamrud. Not only that, this region also still can be found eagle, ape and others.



Zamrud Lake is located in Zamrud Village, Siak Sri Indrapura subdistrict, Siak regency, Riau province. From Pekanbaru City is approximately 200 kilometers to Zamrud village. We can found many different kinds of animals and fauna such as golden arowana fish (Schleropages formasus), belida fish, Sumatera tiger, red bear, and various reptile species. found in comrades of Lake Zamrud. Not only that, this region also still can be found eagle, ape and others.

According to Forest Conservation official of Riau Province, there are 38 species of birds found in Zamrud lake area, there are also protected ones such as white stork, hornbill trough, hornbill, two-colored hornbill and black tailed hornbill. Emerald lake area has two unique lakes namely Pulau Besar Lake (2,416 ha) and Lake Bawah (360 ha). To get to the Zamrud lake area can be reached by land by car for about 3 hours journey from Pekanbaru center city of Riau Province. There are also rare vegetation around the fund red which this areca nut can not grow elsewhere.

In this region there is one rare plant that can not grow in other areas of the Red Cross. Lake Zamrud is approximately 180 kilometers from Pekanbaru City. Can be reached by land by car for about 3 hours. Emerald Lake was previously a concession area of ​​Caltex Pacific Indonesia (CPI) which was then managed by Bumi Siak Pusako and Pertamina Hulu. In Emerald Lake there are two unique lakes namely Pulau Besar Lake (2,416 ha) and Lake Bawah (360 ha). In this area can also be found Serindit Bird (Loriculus galgulus), which became an icon of Riau Province can also be found in this region. Uniquely again, at the time of the afternoon when the sun began to set the inhabitants of the Emerald area like hawks, monkeys, and tigers began to appear one by one.


Not only that, the area is also dominated by swamp plants such as bengku, rengas and bananas that also store a high diversity of animals. According to data from the Natural Resources Conservation Center (BBKSDA) Riau there are 38 species of birds 12 of which are protected such as White Stork, Enggang Trench, Enggang Benguk, Enggang Dua Warna, and Black Horn horn. There are also four types of primates and nine species of mammals. The only protected primate species are Siamang while the protected mammal species are three, namely the Sumeng Loreng Tiger, the Honey Bear, and the Forest Cats.

In the lake there are 14 species of fish, eight of which have important economic value that is Sipimping, Selais, Kayangan, Tapah, Baung, Tomang, Balido, and Bracelet. Great Island Lake is named according to its location because in the lake there are four islands that are formed from silt and plant sludge. The four islands are drifting because they can move, consisting of Pulau Besar (about 10 ha), Central Island (one hectare), Pulau Bungsu (one hectare) and Beruk Island (two hectares) because there are many Beruk (non-tailed apes) inside it.

Around the lake there is a rare vegetation type red pinang (different from the existing red betel plants, because the color is brighter) the typical plants of the lake edge that can not grow in other areas. Variety of natural vegetation around the lake and river and in the peat swamp forest can be found in intact condition.

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